Tag Archives: martyrdom

The martyrdom of The Báb – History of the Bahá’í faith July 9th 1850.

The following was extracted from the book “God Passes by”, written by the Guardian: Shoghi Effendi; page 51.-

“The usual formalities designed to secure the necessary authorization from the leading mujtahids of Tabriz were hastily and easily completed. Neither Mulla Muhammad-i-Mamaqani, however, who had penned the Báb’s death-warrant on the very day of His examination in Tabriz, nor Haji Mirza Baqir, nor Mulla Murtada-Quli, to whose houses their Victim was ignominiously led by the farrash-bashi, by order of the Grand Vizir, condescended to meet face to face their dreaded Opponent.

Immediately before and soon after this humiliating treatment meted out to the Bab two highly significant incidents occurred, incidents that cast an illuminating light on the mysterious circumstances surrounding the opening phase of His martyrdom. The farrash-bashi had abruptly interrupted the last conversation which the Bab was confidentially having in one of the rooms of the barracks with His amanuensis Siyyid Husayn, and was drawing the latter aside, and severely rebuking him, when he was thus addressed by his Prisoner: “Not until I have said to him all those things that I wish to say can any earthly power silence Me. Though all the world be armed against Me, yet shall it be powerless to deter Me from fulfilling, to the last word, My intention.” To the Christian Sam Khan — the colonel of the Armenian regiment ordered to carry out the execution — who, seized with fear lest his act should provoke the wrath of God, had begged to be released from the duty imposed upon him, the Bab gave the following assurance: “Follow your instructions, and if your intention be sincere, the Almighty is surely able to relieve you of your perplexity.”

Sam Khan accordingly set out to discharge his duty. A spike was driven into a pillar which separated two rooms of the barracks facing the square. Two ropes were fastened to it from which the Bab and one of his disciples, the youthful and devout Mirza Muhammad-‘Ali-i-Zunuzi, surnamed Anis, who had previously flung himself at the feet of his Master and implored that under no circumstances he be sent away from Him, were separately suspended. The firing squad ranged itself in three files, each of two hundred and fifty men. Each file in turn opened fire until the whole detachment had discharged its bullets. So dense was the smoke from the seven hundred and fifty rifles that the sky was darkened. As soon as the smoke had cleared away the astounded multitude of about ten thousand souls, who had crowded onto the roof of the barracks, as well as the tops of the adjoining houses, beheld a scene which their eyes could scarcely believe.

The Bab had vanished from their sight! Only his companion remained, alive and unscathed, standing beside the wall on which they had been suspended. The ropes by which they had been hung alone were severed. “The Siyyid-i-Báb has gone from our sight!” cried out the bewildered spectators. A frenzied search immediately ensued. He was found, unhurt and unruffled, in the very room He had occupied the night before, engaged in completing His interrupted conversation with His amanuensis. “I have finished My conversation with Siyyid Husayn” were the words with which the Prisoner, so providentially preserved, greeted the appearance of the farrash-bashi, “Now you may proceed to fulfill your intention.” Recalling the bold assertion his Prisoner had previously made, and shaken by so stunning a revelation, the farrash-bashi quitted instantly the scene, and resigned his post.

Sam Khan, likewise, remembering, with feelings of awe and wonder, the reassuring words addressed to him by the Bab, ordered his men to leave the barracks immediately, and swore, as he left the courtyard, never again, even at the cost of his life, to repeat that act. Aqa Jan-i-Khamsih, colonel of the body-guard, volunteered to replace him. On the same wall and in the same manner the Bab and His companion were again suspended, while the new regiment formed in line and opened fire upon them. This time, however, their breasts were riddled with bullets, and their bodies completely dissected, with the exception of their faces which were but little marred. “O wayward generation!” were the last words of the Bab to the gazing multitude, as the regiment prepared to fire its volley, “Had you believed in Me every one of you would have followed the example of this youth, who stood in rank above most of you, and would have willingly sacrificed himself in My path. The day will come when you will have recognized Me; that day I shall have ceased to be with you.”

Nor was this all. The very moment the shots were fired a gale of exceptional violence arose and swept over the city. From noon till night a whirlwind of dust obscured the light of the sun, and blinded the eyes of the people. In Shiraz an “earthquake,” foreshadowed in no less weighty a Book than the Revelation of St. John, occurred in 1268 A.H. which threw the whole city into turmoil and wrought havoc amongst its people, a havoc that was greatly aggravated by the outbreak of cholera, by famine and other afflictions. In that same year no less than two hundred and fifty of the firing squad, that had replaced Sam Khan’s regiment, met their death, together with their officers, in a terrible earthquake, while the remaining five hundred suffered, three years later, as a punishment for their mutiny, the same fate as that which their hands had inflicted upon the Bab.”

Drawing by Hand of the Cause of God William Sutherland Maxwell of the Shrine of the Báb with the superstructure he designed, 1944.

BADI – The pride of martyrs

Badi was born in Iran, in a town called Nishapur near Mashhad. His name was Áqá Buzurg-i-Nishapuri and was later given the title of Badi which translated to “the wonderful”. As a young child, he was a rebellious one which made his father (a devoted and outstanding Baha’i) worry.
When Nabil Zarandi (author of the Dawnbreakers) came to Nishapur, one day he had a conversation with Badi which changed his life forever. He talked to Badi about the sufferings and tribulations of Bahá’u’lláh using a poem Bahá’u’lláh had written, Badi started to weep. The next morning Nabil told Badi’s father that the boy had lost himself and was completely given to God.
Badi insisted on accompanying Nabil on his journey to spread the Faith of Bahá’u’lláh but his father asked him to wait until he was finished with his studies. Upon completion, Badi set off to serve the Baha’i friends as a water bearer in Mosul. After Mosul he again served as water bearer for friends after they were taken away as prisoners. Badi even though was hurt badly went ahead of the group to arrive early so he could continue to serve them.

His heart was not at ease. Suddenly he was attracted to the Mediterranean. He went to the city of Akka (Acre) in what today we know as Israel. Since he was still dressed in the humble clothes of a water bearer, he entered the city without any problems of being recognized as a Baha’i (back then the city was heavily guarded and whoever entered was seen by the guards).

Bahá’u’lláh was a prisoner in that city and Badi was blessed to meet with Him twice. During these interviews Bahá’u’lláh mentioned the Tablets He wrote to the rulers of the world of that time and the one addressed to Nasiri’din Shah of Iran. Badi humbly requested to be given the Table so he could deliver it personally to its destinatary even though he knew his life would be taken if he did so. Bahá’u’lláh agreed.

Badi traveled alone, on foot without being able to contact any of the Baha’is on his way (this was due to the risks involved in his mission) for thousands of miles for about four months! I cannot even imagine undertaking a journey of that kind! What bravery! So much love!! It is told that he would constantly stop, turn to Akka and pray for God to help him carry out his mission.

Upon arrival in Tehran, Badi went to where the Shah was on his hunting expedition. He waited on a rock for four days for the Shah and his guards to come across him. Badi was instructed that once he reached Tehran, to put on a white robe and hold the Tablet over his head so they could all see he had no weapons on him.
All these things he did and when the Shah and his train found him, the Shah requested the letter to be brought to him since he believed it was a petition from someone. Badi told him it was not a petition but a command.
Badi bravely told the Shah that His Beloved told him the Shah was going to kill him to which the Shah angrily replied: I won’t kill you so we prove your Master wrong. Immediately Badi was seized by the guards. The Shah ordered the Tablet to be sent to the clerics of Tehran for a reply to be prepared for Bahá’u’lláh. The clerics, ignoring this command suggested Badi to be executed.

For three days, Badi’s body was tortured, branded with hot irons. They wanted to get information on the Baha’is but the more they tortured Badi, the happier he looked! It was as if he knew that the time of his martyrdom was rapidly approaching. These news were taken to the Shah who after looking at a photo of Badi while being tortured ordered for him to be executed, forgetting his previous statement; and action that fulfilled Bahá’u’lláh’s promise to Badi.
After the three days, Badi’s skull was crushed with the back of a rifle and his body thrown into a pit and covered with dust and stones.
He was only seventeen years old.

After three months of this event, the Shah ordered for the Tablet to be taken to him. After reading some of it he shouted that the Tablet should be taken from him because if he read any more, himself would become a Baha’i.

Badi was a perfect example of courage, love, steadfastness and determination. His life and important mission will be remembered throughout history. Bahá’u’lláh named Badi one of his nineteen apostles and wrote: “The temple of the cause of God was adorned by Badi. His station is so exalted no pen can describe it.”

Badi with his torturers

The history of some of the Martyrs of the Baha’i Faith

In the history of the Baha’i Faith since its birth in 1844 there have been countless individuals that have arisen and joyfully given their lives for their beliefs.
In the next few posts, I will put up summaries of the lives of some of these blessed people. However, the reader must take into account that the details of the story I will write are clearly greater and victories in the course of their lives many more than I will recount. Most of my sources will be Baha’i books such as “The Dawn Breakers”, “Stories of Baha’u’llah” and several more. I will put the name of the books as needed.
Hope the readers will find these stories as uplifting and empowering as I do. You will realize the immensity of their love and devotion as you read on.